History of lohri, why lohri is celebrated: There many reasons stories about the origin or history of Lohri festvials. All of these theories are equally important and believed. The festival Lohri has a very old history. Lohri is connected with Solar year, remembrance and praise of Dulha Batti “Robin Hood of Punjab”, dedicated to the Sun God and fire and also a harvest festival. The Lohri is one of the most famous and greatly celebrated festivals of North India especially in Punjab and Haryana.
Lohri is a festival connected with the solar year:
The festival is celebrated as the end of the cold chilly winter and welcomes the arrival of spring and New Year. It is believed that Lohri is the longest night of the year. After Lohri, the days become longer and the nights shorter.
Lohri is celebrated in remembrance and praise of Dulha Batti:
Dulha Batti was a Muslim robber who lived during the era of King Akbar. He was a robber but a good person. He would steal from the rich and distribute the wealth among the poor. He rescued girls who were being forcibly taken away. He arranged marriages of young girls with Hindu Boys and paid the dowries. He was a hero among the local Punjabis there who loved and respected him. Most Lohri songs are sung in praise of Dulha Batti “Robin Hood of Punjab” which expresses their gratitude to him.
Festival dedicated to the Sun God and fire:
Lohri marks the movement of the son towards the north (Uttaryan) as opposed to the south. (Dakshinayan). It is considered to be an extremely auspicious time as the sun enters the Tropic of Capricorn from the Tropic of Cancer. It is a festival dedicated to the Sun God and fire.
Lohri a harvest festival:
Lohri is traditionally associated with the harvest of the rabi crops The traditional time to harvest sugarcane crops is January and therefore, Lohri is seen by some to be a harvest festival. The general time to sow sugarcane is January to March and the harvesting period is between December to March with a 12 to 18 month cycle. Sugarcane products such as gurh and gachak are central to Lohri celebrations, as are nuts which are harvested in January. The other important food item of Lohri is radish which can be harvested between October and January.
Punjab which also called the breadbasket of India and wheat is the main winter crop. Wheat is sown in October and harvested in March or April. In January, the fields come up with the promise of a golden harvest, and farmers celebrate Lohri during this rest period before the cutting and gathering of crops.
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