Maharana Pratap Jayanti and History of Haldighati war in Hindi: Maharana pratap (May 9, 1540 – January 29, 1597) was a great leader and warrior of 16th century as well as a Hindu Rajput king of Mewar in Rajasthan. He is best known for his Battle of Haldighati that he fought againt Mughal emperor Akbar to defend his kingdom. Maharana was born on 9th May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. His birth anniversary (Maharana Pratap Jayanti) is celebrated as full fledged festival every year on 3rd day of Jyestha Shukla phase. The Birth date of Maharana Pratap in 2016 is 7 June. His father name was Maharana Udai Singh II and his mother name was Rani Jeevant Kanwa. He had around 45 siblings 25 were his brothers and 20 were his sisters and he was the eldest among all .
From the very childhood days, Maharana Pratap was good at fighting skills and was well versed with all knowledge that a Kshatriya should have. Maharana Pratap was always considered as the symbol of bravery and passion. Many royal families of Rajasthan still worship him like a god. They distribute cloths, money etc among the poor people on this day. Maharana Pratap has gained amazing respect and honor as he is seen as an epitome of valor, heroism, pride, patriotism and the spirit of independence.
How People Celebrate Maharana Pratap Jayanti:
Celebrations are mainly limited to the regions of Rajasthan. Special puja and processions are held in his remembrance on Maharana Pratap Jayanti day everywhere. Several cultural programs such as debate are also organized . In schools students performs various events that are dedicated to the life of Maharana Pratap. The famous Haldighati fair of Mewar is celebrated in the Rajasthan State. Various special cultural events are organized by the various organizations.
Battle of Haldighati:
In his whole lifetime, Maharana Pratap was dedicated towards getting the lost Chittor back to himself from Mughal empire. He was the king of whole Rajasthan, but his own hometown, Chittor, was not with him. Akbar Army attacked the Chittor, at the time when he was only 27 year old and his father Maharana Udai Singh II decided to shift his hometown to Gogunda.
Akbar and armies of Maharana Pratap were facing each other, although Akbar Army was numerically outnumbering the King Pratap army. Maharana Pratap had a famous horse named as Chetak and he was favorite of Maharana Pratap. Legends say that, none of the horse till date is like the one ‘Chetak’ was. In this fight, horse chetak was badly injured and was profusely bleeding.
Then Maharana Pratap got way from the battle field with his horse, but on the way he was attacked by the two Persians Turks but his younger brother Shakti Singh killed them, although he was with the Akbar army. Shakti Singh broke in to tears of not helping his own brother and fighting against him. Maharana Pratap consoled him and gave him an important position in his army. After the war, Maharana Pratap conducted various gorilla war fairs.
He then attacked the outposts of Akbar Empire and attacked many times. Already Akbar suffered heavy losses in the war of Haldighati and now, these small wars were seriously affecting their army strength. Akbar tried many times to kill King Pratap but the geographical location of Aravalli where King Maharana Pratap used to live, led to failure of each plan. Although in his life time, Maharana Pratap was never been able to get back Chittor, but his hard work finally led to the fall of Mughal Empire.
Maharana Pratap died in the hunting event, after getting critical wounds. He died at the age of 57 on January 29, 1597.