Shri Ram Janmabhumi Mandir, Ayodhya – Some facts: We all know that Ayodhya is the Birthplace of Shri Ram but it is still one of the most contentious matter in India now a days. There are enough spiritual artefacts and book available to prove that there was Shri Ram Mandir before the Babri masjid was built by one Mir Baqi, a general of the first Mughal Emperor Babur, in 1527; subsequently, a mosque, the Babri Masjid (Mosque of Babur) was built there in 1528.
There have been multiple archaeological surveys are different times by different experts to find if there was a Shri Ram Temple at the location.
Archaeological excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1970, 1992 and 2003 in and around the disputed site have clearly found the evidence indicating that a large Hindu complex existed on the site. In 2003, by the order of an Indian Court, The Archaeological Survey of India was asked to conduct a more indepth study and an excavation to ascertain the type of structure that was beneath the rubble indicated definite proof of a temple under the mosque. However, it could not be ascertained if it was a Rama temple as remnant had more resemblance to a Shiva temple. In the words of ASI researchers, they discovered “distinctive features associated with… temples of north India”. Excavations further yielded:
stone and decorated bricks as well as mutilated sculpture of a divine couple and carved architectural features, including foliage patterns, amalaka, kapotapali, doorjamb with semi-circular shrine pilaster, broke octagonal shaft of black schist pillar, lotus motif, circular shrine having pranjala (watershute) in the north and 50 pillar bases in association with a huge structure. Source: wiki
While it is unclear if a great temple dedicated to the birthplace of Rama lay where the Babri Masjid was, archaeological evidence did indicate that a Hindu temple lay beneath it the mosque’s foundation. Moreover, no other great temple to Rama exists elsewhere in Ayodhya, so the original temple, which probably existed, must have gone somewhere. Several accounts by Muslims and Europeans claim that a mosque was built on the ruins of a previous temple or fort associated with Rama. For example, an Arabic work, Jannah al-Mashriq wa Matla ‘an-Nur al-Mashriq by Maulana Hakim Sayyid Abd al-Hayy stated:
[There is the] great mosque that was built by the Timurid king Babar in the sacred city of Ayodhya. It is believed that Rama Chandra considered to be the manifestation of God, was born here. There is a long story about his wife Sita. There was a big temple for them in this city. At a certain place Sita used to sit and cook food for her consort. Well, the said king Babar demolished it and built a mosque at that very place with chiseled stone in 923 AH. Source
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) after extensive excavations has established it beyond doubt that there did exist a grand temple at the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi site that was razed down to build Babari structure. The excavations done by ASI establish that the Janmabhoomi site was occupied prior to 7th century BC.
Several Sanskrit epics, Purans, Upanishads, poetries and religious scriptures from the timeof Maharishi Valmiki till modern days have numerous instances that Ayodhya is the birth place of Shri Ram. There is also a detailed description about several holy places pertaining to Shri Ram in the AyodhyaMahatmya wherein the significance of Shri Ram Janmabhumi Mandir is narrated after mentioning the location of this Mandir. Source: Wikipedia
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